You are the Program Manager, and you are trying to decide on the best course of action to decrease the incidence and prevalence of the disease chosen in Week 1. You must decide from the data which population is most at-risk and decide on the most appropriate intervention to which you should allocate funds. To do this, you need to see the big picture. In this assignment, you will write a proposal to your Chief Executive Officer outlining the following:
- History of the disease (show trends and data)
- Needs assessment for your population:
- Social factors that may increase risk (poverty, health insurance, race/ethnicity, etc.)
- Morbidity and mortality data
- Incidence and prevalence data
- Suggested intervention program with cost analysis
- Justification and explanation for why this is the most appropriate intervention for the target population
- 3-4 pages and reference page
The disease should be on Cancer
Expert Solution Preview
Cancer is a major cause of morbidity and mortality worldwide. Every year, millions of people suffer from cancer, and millions more die from it. Cancer is a multifactorial disease, with many risk factors, including genetics, lifestyle choices, environmental factors, and societal factors. In this assignment, we will discuss the history, needs assessment, morbidity, and mortality data of cancer, as well as suggest an intervention program with cost analysis, the justification for why this intervention is appropriate for the target population.
History of the disease:
Cancer has been affecting humans for thousands of years. It was first mentioned in ancient Egyptian and Greek texts, and it was known as “the crab” due to the way it spreads out its branches like a crab. Cancer is a group of diseases that involve abnormal cell growth, which can lead to the formation of tumors. Cancer can occur in any part of the body and can spread to other parts of the body. In the past century, cancer has become a major public health concern, with its incidence and mortality increasing steadily.
Needs assessment for the population:
The population most at risk for cancer includes individuals who are older, male, and with a family history of cancer. Certain social factors may also increase the risk of cancer, including poverty, lack of health insurance, race/ethnicity, and exposure to environmental pollutants. Individuals who lack access to cancer screening, diagnosis, and treatment may also be at an increased risk of cancer morbidity and mortality.
Morbidity and mortality data:
Cancer is the second leading cause of death globally, and it is estimated that in 2021, there will be 1.9 million new cases and 608,570 cancer deaths in the United States alone. The most common types of cancer in the United States are lung cancer, breast cancer, prostate cancer, and colorectal cancer. Cancer causes significant morbidity, as it can affect a person’s quality of life, limit their ability to work and participate in daily activities, and require extensive medical treatment.
Suggested intervention program with cost analysis:
The most appropriate intervention for reducing the incidence and prevalence of cancer is to promote cancer screening and early detection. Screening programs can help identify individuals who have cancer or are at an increased risk of developing cancer, allowing for earlier intervention and treatment. The cost analysis of implementing cancer screening programs varies depending on the type of screening program, the population being targeted, and the cost of medical treatment.
Justification and explanation:
Cancer screening programs are effective in reducing the incidence and mortality of cancer. They can identify cancer at an early stage and allow for intervention before the cancer has spread, increasing the chances of a successful treatment outcome. Screening can also identify individuals who may be at an increased risk of developing cancer, allowing for preventative measures to be taken, such as lifestyle changes or increased surveillance. Furthermore, cancer screening can lead to cost savings by reducing the need for more extensive and costly medical treatment later on.
In conclusion, cancer is a significant public health concern, with a high morbidity and mortality rate. Through the implementation of cancer screening programs, we can detect cancer early and improve treatment outcomes. This approach can also help reduce the economic and social burden of cancer.