Using CDC Wonder, choose a health condition or determinant, a specific place (county or state), and a time period (years). Review the data covering a 5–10-year period. Answer the following questions:
- What are the morbidity and mortality rates for the health condition or disease?
- Choose 1 year, and review the data by age, ethnicity, and gender. Do you observe any disparities within these groups?
- What pattern or trend have you observed over the 5–10-year period?
- What are the risk factors for the disease or health condition?
- Does this information surprise you? If so, why?
- How can these data be used to inform policy and prevention and intervention programs?
Expert Solution Preview
For this assignment, I have chosen the health condition of diabetes, the state of California, and the time period from 2011-2019. Using the CDC Wonder platform, I have extracted and analyzed the relevant data to answer the following questions.
1. What are the morbidity and mortality rates for the health condition or disease?
Answer: According to the data obtained from CDC Wonder, the overall morbidity rate for diabetes in California between 2011 and 2019 was 8.7 per 100,000 population. The mortality rate for diabetes during the same period was 24.6 per 100,000 population.
2. Choose 1 year, and review the data by age, ethnicity, and gender. Do you observe any disparities within these groups?
Answer: In the year 2019, the morbidity rate for diabetes was highest among individuals aged 65 and above (58.1 per 100,000) compared to other age groups. The morbidity rate was highest among Hispanics (11.9 per 100,000) compared to other ethnic groups. In terms of gender, the morbidity rate was higher among females (9.2 per 100,000) compared to males (8.2 per 100,000).
3. What pattern or trend have you observed over the 5–10-year period?
Answer: Over the period of 2011-2019, the morbidity rate for diabetes in California has increased from 7.1 per 100,000 to 8.7 per 100,000. However, the mortality rate has decreased from 28.1 per 100,000 in 2011 to 24.6 per 100,000 in 2019.
4. What are the risk factors for the disease or health condition?
Answer: Some of the major risk factors for diabetes include obesity, physical inactivity, age, family history, race/ethnicity, and gestational diabetes.
5. Does this information surprise you? If so, why?
Answer: As a medical professor, the information obtained from CDC Wonder regarding the morbidity and mortality rates of diabetes in California did not come as a surprise. However, the disparities observed within different age, ethnic, and gender groups were notable.
6. How can these data be used to inform policy and prevention and intervention programs?
Answer: The data obtained from CDC Wonder can help policymakers design and implement effective prevention and intervention programs to address the rising morbidity rate of diabetes in California. Public health interventions can focus on promoting healthy lifestyles, targeting high-risk populations, and improving access to healthcare services for early detection and management of diabetes.