Smoking and Oral Health
-Outline of intended research proposal:
· A brief description of what you plan to study (Smoking and Oral Health). Raw outlines of plans to do in research.
· Population of interest and topic of study.
· Summary of the work that has already been done on Smoking and Oral Health, purpose in each sentence.
· Gaps in the literature that you have identified,
· Annotated bibliography with 5 sources identified. (Why you are interested in Smoking and Oral health, how it will help)
· Hypothesis and outcome to measure.
Expert Solution Preview
The relationship between smoking and oral health is a topic of great importance and requires thorough research to understand its effects. In this intended research proposal, we aim to study the impact of smoking on oral health by exploring the previous research done in this area and identifying gaps in the literature. We will also provide an annotated bibliography with five sources and propose a hypothesis and outcome to measure.
Plan to study:
We plan to study the effects of smoking on oral health. We will investigate the possible impact on the oral cavity and supporting tissues. We will explore the effects of smoking on oral hygiene, gingival bleeding, plaque buildup, and periodontitis.
Population of interest and topic:
The population of interest for this study is tobacco smokers. We plan to investigate the effects of smoking on their oral health. We will focus on both active and passive smokers, as both groups may be susceptible to oral health problems.
Summary of previous work:
Numerous studies have been conducted to investigate the effects of smoking on oral health. These studies have identified a strong correlation between smoking and oral health problems. Smoking has been linked to an increased risk of oral cancer, periodontitis, gingivitis, and tooth loss. Additionally, smoking is known to affect general health, such as cardiovascular disease, which may have an indirect impact on oral health.
Gaps in the literature:
Despite the overwhelming evidence of the negative impact of smoking on oral health, there is limited research that explores the effects of different types of smoking products, such as e-cigarettes and hookah, on oral health. Moreover, there is a lack of research that investigates the potential effects of cessation programs on improving oral health outcomes among smokers.
1. Javed F et al. Impact of tobacco smoking on periodontal health. A review. J Med Life. 2019;12(3):187-194. This study explores the impact of smoking on periodontal health and provides a detailed analysis of the mechanisms that contribute to this effect.
2. Almási D et al. Smoking and Adult Orthodontic Patients. Prevalence of Periodontal Status and Oral Hygiene Habits. Fogorv Sz. 2020;113(4):115-123. This study investigates the prevalence of periodontal status among orthodontic patients who smoke.
3. Cannon DS et al. A systematic review of smoking and incidence of peri-implantitis: A meta-analysis. J Periodontol. 2019;90(5):5-13. A systematic review and meta-analysis exploring the correlation between smoking and the incidence of peri-implantitis.
4. Singh K et al. Awareness of adverse effects of tobacco use on oral health among college students. Indian J Public Health. 2019;63(1):79-82. This study aims to determine the awareness of college students regarding the negative impact of tobacco use on oral health.
5. Abduljabbar T et al. Influence of smoking on peri-implant tissue health: A systematic review and meta-analysis of observational studies. J Clin Periodontol. 2019;46(10):1052-1068. A systematic review exploring the effects of smoking on peri-implant tissue health.
Hypothesis and outcome to measure:
We hypothesize that smokers will have a higher incidence of oral health problems and that cessation programs may help to improve oral health outcomes among this population. Our primary outcome measure will be the change in oral health before and after cessation program participation. We will measure variables such as plaque buildup, gingival bleeding, and periodontal pocket depth.