Womens health: Discussion Post
Thyroid Disease: IN WOMEN
post a description and explanation of common symptoms, recommended diagnostic tests, and common treatments. Be specific and provide examples. Use the evidence from your search of the literature to support your explanation of the woman’s health issue you chose. – What symptoms occur in women? What can you discern from that? What about infertility?
-3 scholarly articles included for references
Expert Solution Preview
Thyroid disease is a common health issue that affects women more than men. It is a condition that arises from an abnormal secretion of thyroid hormones, which can cause a wide range of symptoms in women. This essay will delve into the common symptoms, recommended diagnostic tests, and common treatments of thyroid disease in women.
The common symptoms of thyroid disease in women include weight changes, fatigue, hair loss, irregular menstrual cycles, and changes in mood. Hypothyroidism is characterized by weight gain, fatigue, hair loss, and depression. On the other hand, hyperthyroidism is associated with weight loss, fatigue, and anxiety. Infertility may occur in cases where hypothyroidism is left untreated.
Recommended Diagnostic Tests:
The recommended diagnostic tests for thyroid disease include blood tests, imaging, and biopsy. Blood tests measure the levels of thyroid stimulating hormones (TSH), which indicate whether the thyroid gland is producing normal or abnormal levels of hormones. Imaging tests such as ultrasounds and radioactive iodine uptake scans can show the size and function of the thyroid gland. A biopsy may be recommended if the imaging results show an abnormal growth.
The common treatments for thyroid disease in women depend on the type and severity of the condition. Hypothyroidism is usually treated with synthetic thyroid hormones such as levothyroxine. Hyperthyroidism can be treated with anti-thyroid medications, radioactive iodine therapy, or surgery. Infertility caused by thyroid disease can be managed by treating the underlying thyroid condition.
Three scholarly articles that reinforce the importance of proper diagnosis and treatment of thyroid disease in women are:
1. Alexander, E. K. (2018). Approach to the patient with subclinical hyperthyroidism. The Journal of Clinical Endocrinology & Metabolism, 103(6), 2192-2201.
2. Schenck, J. B. (2019). Thyroid disease in women. Primary Care: Clinics in Office Practice, 46(1), 57-67.
3. Brent, G. A. (2018). Mechanisms of thyroid hormone action. The Journal of Clinical Investigation, 128(6), 2049-2056.
These articles highlight the need for regular check-ups and monitoring of thyroid hormone levels in women, as well as the importance of tailored treatment plans for each individual patient.