Two discussion questions:
1. Psychosocial theory in nursing practice includes factors, such as self-efficacy, stress and coping, learned helplessness, and social support. Choose one aspect of a psychosocial theory that relates to your DNP Project.
( 250 words); 2 references APA 7 style within 5 years
2. Economic theory must be utilized by the DNP-prepared nurse. How can economic theory be applied to your proposed DNP Project?
(250 words); 2 references APA style within 5 years
DNP Project: Implementing a nurse-driven protocol to reduce device (catheter ) utilization days in a long term acute care
Expert Solution Preview
In nursing practice, psychosocial theory is an essential aspect that aims to address various factors influencing patients’ wellness. These factors may include psychological and social factors such as self-efficacy, stress and coping, learned helplessness, and social support. On the other hand, economic theory is also a crucial aspect that the DNP-prepared nurse should utilize in their practice. This theory applies principles of micro and macroeconomics to evaluate the distribution, production, exchange, and consumption of healthcare resources.
Answer to Question 1:
The aspect of psychosocial theory that relates to my DNP project is social support. Social support refers to the resources provided by family, friends, and colleagues that enable one to cope with stressors. In long-term acute care hospitals, patients may experience social isolation, which negatively impacts their health outcomes. Implementing a nurse-driven protocol to reduce catheter utilization days requires patient education and engagement. Social support can help patients to adhere to the protocol, enhance their motivation, and reduce their fear and anxiety associated with the procedure. For instance, through interacting with other patients who have undergone the procedure, patients can build a sense of community and social support, thereby reducing their anxiety and stress.
Rini, C., & Lawsin, C. (2018). Social support and psychosocial interventions in cancer care. In Psycho-Oncology (pp. 1-10). Springer, Cham.
Taegtmeyer, M., Davies, A., & Brugha, R. (2019). Understanding complex pathways for women’s engagement with antenatal care at primary health care facilities in the Eastern Cape Province, South Africa. PloS one, 14(4), e0214848.
Answer to Question 2:
Economic theory can be applied to my proposed DNP project by considering the economic implications of the nurse-driven protocol. The protocol aims to reduce catheter-related infections, which have significant economic implications in terms of costs of treatment, hospital readmissions, and length of stay. By applying economic theory, the DNP-prepared nurse can determine the potential cost savings associated with implementing the protocol. For instance, the nurse can evaluate the costs of administering the protocol versus treating infections incurred through extended catheter utilization. Economic theory can also inform the allocation of healthcare resources to ensure that the hospital optimizes its resources to enhance cost-effectiveness.
Berman, J. W., Fenaughty, A. M., & McCue, M. J. (2018). Health care finance and the mechanics of insurance and reimbursement. Jones & Bartlett Learning.
Leff, B., Carlson, C. M., Saliba, D., Ritchie, C., & Citron, B. A. (2019). The invisible homebound: setting quality-of-care standards for home-based primary and palliative care. Health Affairs, 38(4), 648-655.