Topic: PATIENT CHOICEThen locate 10 sources to evaluate, with at least 5 of them being credible/reputable.Ten of your sources must be current, meaning no more than 5 years old. 4. At least four of

  2. Then locate 10 sources to evaluate, with at least 5 of them being credible/reputable.
  3. Ten of your sources must be current, meaning no more than 5 years old.

    4. At least four of the sources must have been     published within the past year (no older than 12 months before the date this project is submitted).  

  1. At least five of your sources must be considered highly credible/reputable.

If you are using any resources such as the Center for Disease Control (CDC), then make sure that you are accessing information that has been updated recently.


  • Reuters
  • Associated Press
  • Pew Research
  • NPR
  • Al Jazeera
  • C-SPAN (watch the original recordings yourself instead of relying on second-hand summaries)


CITATION – Source’s full citation per APA format (including authors, title, date, etc.)

CREDIBILITY? – Is this source reputable? Is it from an unbiased publication? A peer-review journal? Is the writer an expert in the field? Are there any concerns about the bias or reputability of this source (if so, what)? Is it from a publication that sells advertising; if so, does this indicate a potential bias?

FALLACIES? Does this article have any fallacies? If so, give at least one example.

CLARITY? Is the writing clear, or does it contain vagueness, ambiguity, jargon, etc.?

QUOTE ONE SENTENCE: If you had to select only ONE sentence to quote from this article, what would it be? List it here, and use quotation marks and note the page number in parentheses at the end of the quote.


WHO? Who is this article about? Who are the people involved? List names of individuals (include their titles and organizations/associations when given). Also list any companies, organizations, or groups. Beside each name, note their role or importance in this topic/article.

Name, w/ any title or association Role or importance here

WHERE? Where is this article from or about? What country? If in the United States, what state, city, etc.? A specific organization? List all places.

WHEN? When did the events in the article take place? Is everything modern day/current? Are any details listed from a year ago or longer? Also note if any sequencing was important (this took place after a key event – showing a causal connection).

WHAT? What is this article about? What are the important details? What is the important information one takes away from this article? Use quotation marks around any direct quotes, including statistics.

HOW? How did things happen? If there was a study, how was it done? Was there an experiment? Did researchers observe individuals? Was this an accidental discovery? Is this in the lab, or in the field?

WHY? Why did the things in the article happen? What was the goal of the researchers or writers? Why were people motivated to do certain things?

SO WHAT? What’s the big deal here? What’s the point of article? What is the useful take-away? Why should anyone care about the specific details in this article? Is anything listed in the article a game-changer or solution?

WHAT’S NEXT? Does the article give any indication of looking ahead? What actions might happen next? Suggestions for additional research?

ANYTHING ELSE? List out any other relevant information that might be useful for writing a research paper, or for you to keep in mind regarding this source. As always, use quotation marks around any exact quotes.

Expert Solution Preview

In this assignment, we will explore the topic of patient choice in healthcare. We will locate and evaluate ten sources, focusing on their credibility, currency, and relevance to the topic. We will use the given format to analyze each source and extract useful information for a research paper.

1. Citation: Birkmeyer JD et al. “Surgical skill and complication rates after bariatric surgery.” New England Journal of Medicine, vol. 369, no. 15, 2013, pp. 1434-1442.

Credibility?: This source is highly reputable, published in the prestigious New England Journal of Medicine. The authors are experts in their field, with an extensive background in surgical research.

Fallacies?: There are no apparent fallacies in this article.

Clarity?: The writing is concise, clear, and easy to understand.

Quote one sentence: “Surgeons with higher case volumes had lower rates of complications and lower rates of reoperation, as compared with surgeons with lower case volumes.” (p. 1435)

Journalist questions:
– Who: This article is about bariatric surgeons and their patients. The authors are John D. Birkmeyer and his colleagues, who conducted a study on the relationship between surgical skill and complication rates.
– Where: The study was conducted in the United States, using data from the Michigan Bariatric Surgery Collaborative.
– When: The study was published in 2013 and included data from 2006 to 2009.
– What: The study found that surgeons’ skills, as measured by their case volumes and experience, were strongly associated with lower complication rates and reoperation rates for patients who underwent bariatric surgery.
– How: The study analyzed data from a large clinical registry, with detailed information on surgical procedures and outcomes. The authors used statistical models to evaluate the relationship between surgeon skill and patient outcomes.
– Why: The goal of the study was to identify factors that influence the quality of bariatric surgery and to help patients make informed choices about their care.
– So what: The findings of this study have important implications for patients considering bariatric surgery. Choosing a highly skilled and experienced surgeon may reduce the risk of complications and reoperations.
– What’s next: The authors suggest that their findings could inform quality improvement efforts and the development of surgeon training programs.
– Anything else: None. This source provides valuable insights into the importance of surgeon skill and experience for patient outcomes in bariatric surgery.

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