The basic concepts of incidence, prevalence, mortality, and costs provide a foundation for understanding and describing the impact of disease in a population. This forum is designed to give you practice identifying and describing these basic concepts by discussing the impact of a specific disease (provided below) in the United States.
Click here for a printable presentation handout (FILE ATTACHED)
Read the disease report, Cancer Facts & Figures 2021 (FILE ATTACHED)
For citing and referencing in your post, the original report is at the American Cancer Society website: https://www.cancer.org/research/cancer-facts-statistics/all-cancer-facts-figures/cancer-facts-figures-2021.html
Questions: In your post, answer the following items regarding cancer in the US (2021).
- Discuss US estimates of incidence, prevalence, and mortality – Use the information in the disease report provided to answer this item. For each estimate, provide a brief explanation and include the numeric value, unit of measure, applicable population, and applicable year(s). In the answer, cite and reference the report.
Must in-text cite and cite at least two sources.
Expert Solution Preview
Cancer is a disease that affects a large portion of the population in the United States. Understanding the basic concepts of incidence, prevalence, mortality, and costs are essential in describing the impact of this disease on the population. In this post, we will discuss the US estimates of cancer incidence, prevalence, and mortality in 2021.
US estimates of incidence, prevalence, and mortality:
According to Cancer Facts & Figures 2021 provided by the American Cancer Society (ACS), the estimated number of new cancer cases in the United States for 2021 is 1,898,160. This number represents the incidence of cancer, which is defined as the total number of newly diagnosed cases over a period of time. The incidence rate of cancer is 449.8 per 100,000 men and women per year. The estimated number of cancer deaths is 608,570 in 2021, representing the mortality of cancer, which is defined as the total number of deaths over a period of time. The mortality rate of cancer is 149.5 per 100,000 men and women per year. The prevalence of cancer, which is the total number of people who have been diagnosed with cancer and are still alive, is estimated to be 17 million in the United States. This number includes all people who have ever been diagnosed with cancer, including those who may have been diagnosed many years ago and are still alive.
In conclusion, cancer is a significant disease that continues to affect a large portion of the population in the United States. Understanding the basic concepts of incidence, prevalence, and mortality is essential in describing the impact of this disease. The estimates provided by the American Cancer Society highlight the importance of continued research and education to improve cancer prevention and treatment.