Paper Topic: COPD
1. Introduction (Identification of the problem) with a clear presentation of the problem as well as the significance and a scholarly overview of the paper’s content. No heading is used for the Introduction per APA currentedition.
2. Background and Significance of the disease, to include: Definition, description, signs and symptoms. Incidence and prevalence of statistics by state with a comparison to national statistics pertaining to the disease (state: South Carolina; also create a table) If after a search of the library and scholarly data bases, you are unable to find statistics for your home state, or other states, consider this a gap in the data and state as much in the body of the paper. For instance, you may state something like, “After an exhausting search of the scholarly data bases, this writer is unable to locate incidence and/or prevalence data for the state of South Carolina. This indicates a gap in surveillance that will be included in the “Plan” section of this paper.
3. Surveillance and Reporting: Current surveillance methods and mandated reporting processes as related to the chronic health condition chosen should be specific.
4. Epidemiological Analysis: Conduct a descriptive epidemiology analysis of the health condition. Be sure to include all of the 5 W’s: What, Who, Where, When, Why. Use details associated with all of the W’s, such as the “Who” which should include an analysis of the determinants of health. Include costs (both financial and social) associated with the disease or problem.
5. Screening and Guidelines: Review how the disease is diagnosed and current national standards(guidelines). Use this link: and review its sensitivity, specificity, predictive value, and cost.
6. Plan: Integrating evidence, provide a plan of how a nurse practitioner will address this chronic health condition after graduation. Provide three specific interventions that are based on the evidence and include how you will measure outcomes (how will you know that the interventions have utility, are useful?) Note: Consider primary, secondary, and tertiary interventions as well as the integration of health policy advocacy efforts. All interventions should be based on evidence – connected to a resource such as a scholarly piece of research.
7. Summary/Conclusion: Conclude in a clear manner with a brief overview of the keys points from each section of the paper utilizing integration of resources.
8. The paper should be formatted and organized into the following sections which focus on the chosen chronic health condition. (Page length 7 – 10 pages; excluding title page and references).
Expert Solution Preview
Introduction: Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) has become a significant health burden in the United States. It is characterized by chronic airflow limitation that is not fully reversible, and it is usually progressive. COPD has a significant impact on both the individual and the community, including high morbidity and mortality rates, decreased quality of life, and increased economic burden. In this paper, we will provide an overview of COPD, including its definition, signs and symptoms, incidence, prevalence, and epidemiological analysis. We will also review current surveillance methods and mandated reporting processes, national standards, and guidelines for diagnosing COPD. Additionally, we will develop a plan on how a nurse practitioner will manage COPD after graduation, including primary, secondary, and tertiary interventions. Finally, we will conclude by providing a brief overview of the key points discussed in each section of the paper.
1. Introduction: The introduction should clearly present the problem of COPD and its significance, giving a scholarly overview of the paper’s content. The introduction should not include a heading per the APA current edition.
2. Background and significance: This section should include a definition of COPD, its signs and symptoms, incidence, prevalence, and statistics by state. If statistics for the home state cannot be found after an exhaustive search of the library and scholarly databases, this should be stated as a gap in data that will be included in the Plan section.
3. Surveillance and reporting: This section should discuss current surveillance methods and mandated reporting processes related to COPD. Specific details should be included.
4. Epidemiological analysis: This section should conduct a descriptive epidemiology analysis of COPD, including the 5 W’s: What, Who, Where, When, Why. It should include an analysis of the determinants of health, costs associated with COPD, and the social burden of the disease.
5. Screening and guidelines: This section should review how COPD is diagnosed and current national standards and guidelines. The link provided should be used to review sensitivity, specificity, predictive value, and cost.
6. Plan: This section should integrate evidence and provide a plan on how a nurse practitioner will manage COPD after graduation. Three specific interventions based on evidence should be included, along with how outcomes will be measured. Primary, secondary, and tertiary interventions should be considered, including health policy advocacy efforts.
7. Summary/Conclusion: The conclusion should give a clear overview of key points from each section, integrating resources.
8. Formatting and organization: The paper should be organized into sections and should focus on COPD. The page length should be 7-10 pages, excluding the title page and references.