I LIVE IN SOUTH CAROLINA
1. Discuss your state NP community in terms of scope of practice. Include the your state’s scope of practice for NPs including:
- Level of independence of practice **In California, NPs are required to practice under Standardized Procedure Guidelines. If CA is your intended practice state, please provide details on how Standardized Procedures Guidelines are developed in California and an example of a California SPG.
- Prescribing authority
- Any limitations of practice
- Process for obtaining licensure in your state
- Certification and education requirements for licensure.
2. If you live in a restricted or reduced practice state, how has patient care been impacted in your local community from these barriers? For instance, is the ED used for primary care? Are the EDs overcrowded with long wait times? Are there urgent care clinics readily available? Is there adequate access to primary care? If you live in a full practice, how has independent practice of the APN resulted in improved patient access to healthcare?
3. How does access to NPs impacts any healthcare disparities?
4. A scholarly resource must be used for EACH discussion question each week.
Expert Solution Preview
South Carolina is a state located in the southeastern region of the United States. As a medical professor responsible for creating assignments and evaluating student performance, I will discuss the scope of practice for Nurse Practitioners (NPs) in South Carolina, the impact of restricted practice, the influence of NPs on healthcare disparities, and identify scholarly resources that support these points.
1. Scope of Practice for NPs in South Carolina:
According to the Nurse Practice Act (NPA) in South Carolina, NPs are authorized to “provide health services including the diagnosis and treatment of diseases, ordering and interpreting tests, and prescribing medications as well as performing minor surgeries”. They must also be licensed by the South Carolina Board of Nursing (SCBN).
NPs in South Carolina work with physician supervision, requiring them to have written collaborative agreements with licensed physicians who practice in the same specialty. These agreements must include protocols for emergency care and hospitalization. Additionally, NPs in South Carolina are allowed full prescribing authority, except for Schedule I controlled substances.
The process for obtaining licensure in South Carolina is similar to other states. NPs must hold a Master’s degree in nursing and graduate from an accredited NP program, complete clinical hours, and pass a national certifying exam. They are eligible for a South Carolina NP license after holding their national certification for at least one year.
2. Impact of Restricted Practice:
South Carolina is a full practice state, meaning that NPs have full independent practice authority. This has resulted in improved patient access to healthcare. In reduced practice states, patient care can be impacted negatively, leading to overcrowding in emergency departments (EDs) and reduced access to primary care. According to a study by Klug, et al., ED use for primary care is more common in states with restricted NP practice.
3. The Impact of NPs on Healthcare Disparities:
Research has demonstrated that NPs can have a positive impact on healthcare disparities. In a study by Smetana, et al., underserved populations who accessed care provided by NPs had better health outcomes compared to those who did not have access to NP care. This was attributed to the increased availability and accessibility of primary care services provided by NPs.
4. Scholarly Resources:
The scholarly resources used to support these points include:
– Klug, J. D., et al. (2019). Nurse practitioner independence, health care utilization, and health outcomes. Journal of the American Association of Nurse Practitioners, 31(4), 213-223.
– Smetana, G. W., et al. (2017). The impact of nurse practitioners on care and outcomes of patients with type 2 diabetes. Journal of the American Association of Nurse Practitioners, 29(7), 397-404.
– South Carolina Board of Nursing. (2019). Nurse Practice Act. Retrieved from https://www.llr.sc.gov/pol/nursing/pdf/Nurse%20Practice%20Act%20Web.pdf
In conclusion, the scope of practice for NPs in South Carolina includes full prescribing authority and requires physician supervision through written collaborative agreements. South Carolina is a full practice state, resulting in improved patient access to healthcare. The impact of NPs can have positive effects on healthcare disparities, as demonstrated by research studies. Scholarly resources support each discussion point presented.