Read two or more of your colleagues’ postings from the Discussion question.
Respond to at least two colleagues. Your responses should be substantial and should contribute to the Discussion. Support with evidence, if indicated.
Evaluating Culture From the Nursing Perspective
This week, we will examine a case study about smokers in Poland. As noted in the Center for Global Development and Jassem, Przewozniak, & Zatonski (2014), prior to 1989, Poland had the highest rate of smoking in the world, with three-fourths of all men aged 20–60 smoking every day at a rate of 3,500 cigarettes per person per year. It should be noted that 30% of all women smoked every day, as well. This behavior resulted in a life expectancy of about 60 years due to the highest rates of lung cancer in the world and all-time high levels of smoking-related cancers and cardiovascular and respiratory disease.
To prepare for this Discussion, you will be required to read Case 14 by the Center for Global Development and complete readings in Stanhope and Lancaster, then respond to the following questions:
- What happened to change the culture of smoking in Poland?
- Understanding that we all have bias when discussing health issues and precipitating factors, what social and political factors allowed cigarette smoking to become a part of the Polish culture?
- Reflecting on your own practice, how do you overcome cultural bias? Do you find it more difficult to deal with some groups than others? How do people use the cultural information that they learn about others? Do you think this leads to stereotyping? Does cultural knowledge influence or change your practice and interaction with others?
Expert Solution Preview
The case study discussed the cultural transformation of smoking in Poland. This post aims to answer the questions provided by the instructor and provide a substantial response to two colleagues’ postings.
1) What happened to change the culture of smoking in Poland?
The cultural transformation of smoking in Poland was a gradual process that took place over several years. In the 1990s, Poland underwent a political and economic transformation, which resulted in several social and behavioral changes. One of them was the change in smoking culture, which was influenced by several factors. One of the most crucial factors was the increase in cigarette prices, which made it difficult for many people to afford them. Additionally, the government implemented strict anti-smoking policies, which included banning smoking in public places, workplaces, and public transport. The government also launched a national anti-smoking campaign, which included public awareness programs and advertising campaigns.
2) Understanding that we all have bias when discussing health issues and precipitating factors, what social and political factors allowed cigarette smoking to become a part of the Polish culture?
Cigarette smoking became a part of Polish culture due to several social and political factors. One of the significant factors was the influence of the tobacco industry, which aggressively marketed and promoted cigarette use, especially among young people. Additionally, cigarette smoking was seen as a symbol of social status, especially among men. It was also considered a stress reliever and a means to socialize with friends and colleagues. The communist-era government allowed the tobacco industry to operate freely, and cigarette advertising was widespread.
3) Reflecting on your practice, how do you overcome cultural bias? Do you find it more difficult to deal with some groups than others? How do people use the cultural information that they learn about others? Do you think this leads to stereotyping? Does cultural knowledge influence or change your practice and interaction with others?
Cultural biases can be challenging to overcome, but it is essential to understand and acknowledge them. It is necessary to be aware of our own biases while interacting with patients of different cultures. Some groups may be more challenging to deal with due to differences in cultural beliefs and practices. It is essential to respect their cultural beliefs and try to understand their perspective. Stereotyping can occur when individuals make assumptions about a group based on limited information, which is why it is essential to gather as much cultural information as possible. Cultural knowledge can significantly impact and change our practice and interaction with others. It can help us provide culturally competent care, which can lead to better patient outcomes.